From 4th July of 2014 Spain has a provisional legislation that regulates the operation of commercial unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV). Main rules explained in the law are:
- UAV with takeoff weight under 25 kg do not require airworthiness certificate. Systems over 25 kg are regulated using the same legislation as conventional manned airplanes.
- Operation must be carried outside controlled airspace and at a maximum altitude of 400 food from ground level
- Under 2 kg (CATUAV Atmos series): Maximum distance between UAV and pilot is the radio control link maximum range.
- Between 2 kg and 25 kg (CATUAV Argos series): maximum distance between UAV and pilot cannot be larger than 500 meters and the pilot must have line of sight with it.
- UAV cannot fly over urban zones and outdoor people meetings.
- In emergency applications UAV can be operated without the previous points restrictions.
- UAV system must meet the following criteria:
- Have public liability insurance.
- Have performed aeronautic studies and enough flight tests in order to guarantee his correct operation.
- Have detailed technical documentation describing its characteristics and operation.
- The pilot must meet the following criteria:
- Have 18 years.
- Have a medical certificate.
- Have a microlight aircraft pilot license or a similar license emitted by a certified entity.
- Have a certification for each UAV system.
The full law can be found in BOE from Saturday 5th of July 2014: Download >>